Local Assessment Measures

Classroom Diagnostic Tools

The Pennsylvania Classroom Diagnostic Tools (CDT) is a set of online assessments aligned to the PSSA and Keystone Assessment Anchors and Eligible Content, divided by content areas (Literacy, Mathematics, and Science). It is designed to provide diagnostic information to guide instruction in order to support intervention and enrichment. The CDT is a computer adaptive test (CAT) and depending upon how the student responds to the first few items; the next set of items will adjust to the student’s instructional level. The CDT diagnostic reporting system assists educators in identifying student academic strengths and areas in need of improvement, providing a snapshot on why and how students may still be struggling or extending beyond the grade and/or course Eligible Content. The Pennsylvania Department of Education

District Writing Samples

Wissahickon students are expected to become skilled writers in the informational, narrative, and opinion genre. In an effort to ensure that students are meeting the grade level standards in this program area, periodic writing samples are administered in the elementary, middle, and high school classrooms and scored using writing rubrics consistent with the requirements of the Pennsylvania Academic Standards in English-Language Arts.

Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills

“The DIBELS measures were specifically designed to assess the Big Ideas in Reading. They are designed to be short (one minute) fluency measures used to regularly monitor the development of early literacy and early reading skills. These research-based measures are linked to one another and predictive of later reading proficiency. The measures are also consistent with many of the Common Core State Standards in Reading, especially the Foundational Skills. Combined, the measures form an assessment system of early literacy development that allows educators to readily and reliably determine student progress.

Benchmark testing is the systematic process of screening all students on essential skills predictive of later reading performance. Benchmark testing is one part of a comprehensive assessment system that includes universal screening, progress monitoring, summative assessments and other formal and informal assessments all designed to get the critical information needed to make informed instructional decisions. It is a foundational link between assessment, instruction and goal setting.

The DIBELS assessments have been researched and validated specifically for benchmark testing in kindergarten through sixth grade. Research indicates that early identification and early intervention are essential for helping students who are at risk for future reading difficulties, or are currently having reading difficulties. Screening all students, including those who met earlier benchmark goals, also provides a complete data set that is needed to determine if reading instruction is effective with all students at the school or district level.” (University of Oregon Center on Teaching and Learning)

Measures of Academic Progress

“Measures of Academic Progress® (MAP®), created by Northwest Evaluation Association™ (NWEA™), is a computer adaptive test, which means every student gets a unique set of test questions based on responses to previous questions. As the student answers correctly, questions get harder. If the student answers incorrectly, the questions get easier. By the end of the test, most students will answer about half the questions correctly.

The assessment is designed to measure a student’s achievement level during the fall, winter, and spring of the school year and compute growth. Teachers can see the progress of individual students and of their class as a whole. Students with similar MAP scores are generally ready for instruction in similar skills and topics. MAP also provides data around the typical growth for students who are in the same grade, subject, and have the same starting achievement level. This data is often used to help students set goals and understand what they need to learn to achieve their goals.” Northwest Evaluation Association